Archive for 'Ophthalmology'

Stages And Treatment Of Canine Cataracts

Cataracts in dogs go through recognized stages as they mature. The lengths of these stages of cataracts varies from extremely fast to very slow. Incipient cataract stage is the first, when a lens defect is first noticeable on ophthalmologic examination. Such defects may be extremely small or may consist of streaks or vacuoles extending from […]

Dr. Dennis Brooks, Veterinary Ophthalmologist

Dennis Brooks has a lot of letters after his name;  D.V.M., PhD, Diplomate ACVO and Professor at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine. His look  may not be what you’re used to in veterinarians. Indeed, he’s negotiating with a group in Montana about coming up for a talk. “They said if I came […]

Use Of Fluorescein Stain In Eye Diagnosis

Fluorescein stain is used to confirm or deny the presence of a corneal ulcer. For more on corneal ulcers, click here. Fluorescein stain is a standard formulation according to the U. S. Pharmacopeia. It is available as a solution or paper strips impregnated with stain. When fluorescein strips are used they are first moistened with […]

Entropion In Dogs And Cats

Entropion, in contrast to ectropion discussed Monday, is an in-rolling of the eyelids. Here, the poster child is the Chinese Shar pei, a breed of dog in which the condition is so rampant that virtually every puppy needs a temporary technique for all four lids when young, and definitive surgical correction as a young adult. […]

Ectropion In Dogs And Cats

Ectropion is usually thought of as a condition of the eyelids. The term can actually apply to any body part, as its two components stem from the Greek prefix “ec” which means outward, and the Greek root, “tropos,” meaning to turn. For the purposes of our discussion today we will refer only to the eyelids. […]

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca In Dogs

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca.  KCS. Or, dry eye, as it’s commonly known. Broken down, the first word refers to the parts of the eye usually affected in the condition. “Kerato” refers to the cornea, or clear part of the eye. “Conjunct” refers to the conjunctiva, the thin tissue that covers and protects the rest of the eye. […]

Debridement Of Canine And Feline Corneal Ulcers

This is Sara. Well, more specifically, this is Sara’s right eye. Sara’s first visit with this eye problem was about a week ago, and she presented with a history of squinting and protecting the eye. We examined Sara thoroughly, and found no other physical problems on the body, so we turned our focus to the […]

Leftover Medication Burns A Dog’s Eye

Want to hear a real horror story about “leftover medications/other people’s (pets’)medications? Neither did I, but, as the patient was here, I had no choice but to listen. As much as we have all heard the admonition to “take the medicine until it’s all gone,” and “don’t take other people’s medications,” we still do it. […]

Glaucoma In Dogs and Cats

Glaucoma in dogs and cats results from a variety of abnormal conditions of their eyes which cause a rise in the pressure of the fluids within the globe. Normal intraocular pressure (IOP), the pressure of fluids inside the eye, is controlled by a delicate balance between fluid production and fluid removal. Specifically this fluid is […]