Juvenile pyoderma, known colloquially as puppy pyoderma, is a condition of young dogs characterized by pustules of infection, most notably on the hairless surface of the lower abdomen.
Pyoderma: the Latin prefix “pyo” means “pus,” and “derma” refers to the skin.
Cute little Remington, who goes by “Remi” for short, has a typical case of juvenile pyoderma. There are often multiple pustules, but rarely enough for them to coalesce into larger pustules.
This is usually a self-limiting condition in youngsters, whereas pyoderma in adult animals always requires treatment.
The cause is bacteria that are normal inhabitants of the skin which are allowed by an immature immune system to penetrate into the pores and hair follicles of the skin, causing infection.
When treatment is required medicated shampoos may be adequate for the mildest cases. Instructions on using medicated shampoos for your pet may be found here.
Puppy pyoderma that fails to respond to topical therapy, or is already beyond the reach of topical therapy alone, should be treated with systemic antibiotics. A number of broad-spectrum antibiotics can clear these infections, including Convenia. Medicated shampoo therapy is almost always good adjunct treatment, as it speeds the removal of infection from the skin from the outside, while systemic antibiotics are working from inside the body.
As of now we are not treating Remi for his infection, as we expect it to be a typically self-limiting case. We will evaluate his pyoderma at each visit in the puppy series.
See you tomorrow, Dr. Randolph.